|Wartime Bioethics, Military Necessity & International Humanitarian Law
Michael L. Gross PhD is a Professor at The School of Political Science, The University of Haifa, Israel,
specializing in military ethics and military medical ethics and related questions of national security.His articles have appeared in numerous prominent journals. His books include Ethics and Activism (Cambridge, 1997), Bioethics and Armed Conflict (MIT, 2006), Moral Dilemmas of Modern War (Cambridge, 2010); The Ethics of Insurgency (Cambridge, 2015), Military Medical Ethics in Contemporary Armed Conflict (Oxford, 2021) and two edited volumes, Military Medical Ethics for the 21st Century (Routledge, 2013) and Soft War (Cambridge, 2017).He is editor of the Routledge book series War, Conflict and Ethics and has led workshops on battlefield ethics, medicine, and national security for the Dutch Ministry of Defense, The US Army Medical Department, the Defense Medical Services (UK), The US Naval Academy, the Israel Defense Forces and the International Committee of Military Medicine. https://sites.google.com/hevra.haifa.ac.il/michael-l-gross
Bioethics in the Second Cold War
Jonathan D. Moreno PhD is the David and Lyn Silfen University Professor at the University of Pennsylvania, where he is a Penn Integrates Knowledge (PIK) professor. At Penn he is also Professor of Medical Ethics and Health Policy, of History and Sociology of Science, and of Philosophy.His most recent books are Everybody Wants to Go to Heaven but Nobody Wants to Die: Bioethics and the Transformation of Healthcare in America, co-authored with Penn president Amy Gutmann; and The Brain in Context: A Pragmatic Guide to Neuroscience, written with neuroscientist Jay Schulkin.Among Moreno’s previous books are, The Impromptu Man: J.L. Moreno and the Origins of Psychodrama Encounter Culture and the Social Network and The Body Politic which was named a Best Book of 2011 by Kirkus Reviews; Undue Risk, nominated for the Virginia Book Award; and Mind Wars, which was referenced by the screenwriter of The Bourne Legacy.He has published more than a thousand papers, articles, reviews and op-eds. Moreno’s writings have been translated into German, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese and Romanian.Moreno is senior consultant to a six-year, 10 million euro project on cold war medical science on both sides of the iron curtain, funded by the European Research Council. Moreno’s op eds have been published in venues including The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, Science, Nature, Slate, Politico, The Hill, Foreign Affairs, Axios.com, The Huffington Post, and Psychology Today.He often appears on broadcast and online media. He was co-host of Making the Call, an Endeavor Content podcast and was a columnist for ABCNews.com. Formerly Moreno was a senior fellow at the Center for American Progress in Washington, DC. and editor of the online magazine Science Progress. The American Journal of Bioethics has called him “the quietly most interesting bioethicist of our time.”Moreno is an elected member of the National Academy of Medicine. He has served as a staff member or adviser to many governmental and non-governmental organizations, including the UNESCO International Bioethics Committee, three U.S. presidential commissions, the Department of Defense, the Department of Homeland Security, the Department of Health and Human Services, the Centers for Disease Control, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. In 2008-09 he served as a member of President Barack Obama’s transition team.Moreno received his Ph.D. in philosophy from Washington University in St. Louis, was an Andrew W. Mellon post-doctoral fellow, holds an honorary doctorate from Hofstra University and is a recipient of the College of William and Mary Law School Benjamin Rush Medal, the Dr. Jean Mayer Award for Global Citizenship from Tufts University, and the Penn Alumni Faculty Award of Merit. He has held the honorary Visiting Professorship in History at the University of Kent in Canterbury, England. In 2018 the American Society for Bioethics and Humanities presented him with its Lifetime Achievement Award. www.jonathandmoreno.com
Reconsidering Nuremburg Code, the Declaration of Helsinki, and CIOMS guidelines in the context of the war in Ukraine and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Reduction
Francis P. Crawley MA is the Executive Director of the Good Clinical Practice Alliance – Europe (GCPA) in Brussels, Belgium. He is the founder and Director of the Strategic Initiative for Developing Capacity in Ethical Review (SIDCER). He coordinates the GCPA-SIDCER European Fellowship in Research Ethics (EFRE) He is a philosopher specialized in ethical, legal, and regulatory issues in health research, having taught at several European, Asian, and Middle East universities. He is the past Secretary General, Ethics Officer, and Chairman of the Ethics Working Party at the European Forum for Good Clinical Practice.He currently chairs the methodologies sub-group of the Real Word Data Working Group at the Faculty of Pharmaceutical Medicine, Royal Colleges of Physicians. He has acted as an author or expert for the leading international and European research ethics and GCP guidelines, as well as for several guidelines in Asia, Africa, the Americas, and Europe.He was for 15 years the Chairman of the Ethical Review Committee of the International Network for Cancer Treatment and Research (INCTR); a member of the INCTR Tissues Committee; and a member of the Ethics Committee of the European Organization for Research & Treatment of Cancer; Consultant to the Peking University Institutional Review Board; and a member of the Steering Committee of the Chinese Ethics Committee of Registering Clinical Trials (ChECRCT). He has been a member of the joint EMVI-AMVTN Ethical Review Committee; a Permanent Liaison Officer to the International Bioethics Committee of UNESCO; and a Contact Officer for CIOMS. In 2006 he was Visiting Expert in research ethics at the Ministry of Health, Singapore.He was the committee chairman of the WHO guidelines on ethics committees and data monitoring committees; and he was a member of the Scientific Advisory Committee for the World Health Organization’s International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP). He also served for four years on the UNAIDS Ethical Review Committee. He is a co-founder and past Steering Committee Member of the Global Forum for Bioethics in Research; a past member of the Committee of Interested Parties of the Centre for the Management of Intellectual Property in Health Research & Development; a past member of the European Science Foundation’s Education Working Group, and a past member of the WHO GCP Handbook drafting committee. In addition, he is a member of the Ethics Working Group, European Academy of Paediatrics (UEMS-EAP); and an investigator in several European Commission projects, including ‘The Development of European Standards on Confidentiality and Privacy in Healthcare among Vulnerable Patient Populations’, ‘Ethical Function in Hospital Ethics Committees’, & ‘Ethical Considerations in Clinical Trial Collaboration with Developing Countries’, ‘European Network for Expertise for Rare Pediatric Neurological Disorders (nEUroped)’ and Relating Expectations and Needs to the Participation and Empowerment of Children in Clinical Trials (RESPECT). He is also a member of past Vice-Chairman of the Ethics Committee of the International Society for Medical Publication Professionals.He was the Co-facilitator for the Ethics Roundtable at the Africa Centre for Health & Population Studies in South Africa where he taught a modular GCP course and where he was a member of a DSMB for an HIV vertical transmission study. He is also a member of several regional organizations for ethics in research in Central and Eastern Europe, Asia, Africa, and Latin America. He founded the AfroGuide Project: Developing Guidelines for Health Research in Africa, with the UN Economic Commission for Africa and the African Union. He serves on several editorial boards for international journals.